A decision on whether to invite a full review rests with the Editorial Board. In addition to Research Articles, AJB publishes the following: Special Invited Papers—These are mostly reviews of limited scope on timely subjects written for a general, albeit well-informed, audience.
Authors may discuss ideas for unsolicited Special Papers with the Editor-in-Chief. Manuscripts are subject to the usual review process. Benefits for Special Invited Papers include rapid publication, no page charges, and free membership in the BSA for one year. The introduction must succinctly explain why the paper is of interest to the general biological community. Brief Communications—Brief Communications are short c — word research articles reporting exciting, significant new findings.
They include no more than 4 figures and tables, combined. Manuscripts, and their abstracts, should be organized as described for Research articles.
Authors must adhere to the same membership and page charge requirements as for regular Research Articles. On the other hand, taxonomy-focused papers that do not incorporate these sorts of analyses are generally more suitable for specialized journals such as Systematic Botany and Taxon.
Figures and supplementary material are uploaded separately. Note that for the original submission, it is helpful for reviewers if you include the figure caption immediately below each figure.
For manuscript files, MS Word. All pages should be numbered sequentially. Each line of the text should be numbered continuously throughout the document, to facilitate review commenting. Double-space and left justify the margin of the entire manuscript, including Literature Cited, Tables, Appendices, and Figure Legends. Leave a reasonable margin on all sides. Number figures, tables, and appendices in the order discussed in the text. For a revision, provide a letter detailing your point-by-point response to all the review and editor comments.
Specify page and line numbers of the original and revised versions where the changes have been made.
An Interdisciplinary Introduction to Image Processing - Pixels, Numbers and Programs (2012)
Author Agreement Form Upon initial submission of a manuscript, the corresponding author must fill out an author agreement form and upload it at the online submission site. Manuscript Content a. Title and Running Heads The manuscript title for research papers should be specific and informative, conveying the key findings of the research in an active voice. Provide a title written with sentence-style capitalization. On the next line, give affiliation and unabbreviated address. Include another footnote superscript number to indicate the author for correspondence.
After this text, add a short title no longer than 65 characters including spaces to be used as a running head in the article. Avoid references; if essential, cite parenthetically with journal name, volume number, pages, and year. Please provide a list of 4—10 key words.
Choose words that potential readers might be searching for, that summarize or highlight important aspects of your study, or that supplement or complement information in your title or abstract.
You should place terms in alphabetical order, separate them by semicolons, and capitalize any proper nouns. You might also include the name of your study organism and name of the plant family as appropriate. Text Although there is no strict word limit for Research Articles, we recommend c 8,, not including the Abstract, Literature Cited section, or Tables.
1stclass-ltd.com/wp-content/install/1411-handy-orten-kostenlos.php In the first paragraph of the introduction, include the theoretical or conceptual basis for your work in a context accessible to the diverse botanical readership that AJB attracts. Indent subheadings at the start of a paragraph; capitalize only the first word and proper nouns and adjectives. Include the statistic value, degrees of freedom, and p-value for each result reported e. Use P for significance, and p for probability. Common Latin words e. Footnotes are not used in the text. Abbreviations, Units, and Symbols Do not begin a sentence, heading, or title with an abbreviation.
Numbers: write out one through nine unless a measurement, a designator, or in a range e. Use Standard International SI units throughout the text, figures, and tables. Use the word mass kg, g, mg correctly; weight is reported in newtons N. Use either a solidus for one unit in the denominator e. Use L for liter and mL for milliliter. Include a space before and after all operation signs e.
The acknowledgments will appear at the end of the manuscript, before the Literature Cited. Author Contributions See authorship criteria, below. Include a section listing what each author contributed to the published work. This should list the database, digital object identifiers DOIs , stable URLs, and the respective accession numbers for all data from the manuscript, as appropriate. Note that accession numbers provided in a supplementary table accompanying the article do not need to be duplicated here.
If you have any questions about the formatting or content of this section, please contact the editorial office. Literature Cited Verify all entries against original sources. Double check that all references in the manuscript text are in the Literature Cited section and vice-versa and that they agree in spelling and year. Literature citations in text—Cite references in chronological order oldest first ; within a given year, order them alphabetically e. Single author: Jones or Jones, Two authors: Jones and Gil or Jones and Gil, More than two authors: Jones et al.
Manuscripts accepted for publication but not yet published: Jones in press or Jones, in press. Unpublished data and manuscripts e. Jones, Institution, unpublished data [or unpublished manuscript or personal observation]. These are not included in the Literature Cited section. References listed in the Literature Cited section—List citations in alphabetical order by author. Single-author titles precede multi-authored titles by the same senior author, regardless of date. List works by the same author s chronologically, beginning with earliest date of publication.
Type author names in citations in upper and lower case, not in all caps. For formatting examples note spacing, capitalization, italics, etc. Tables —Include in manuscript file and place immediately after the Literature Cited section. Tables need to be formatted using the Table feature in Word or in a spreadsheet such as Excel.
Number tables with Arabic numerals followed by a period.
- Fleecing Grandma and Grandpa: Protecting against Scams, Cons, and Frauds!
- Most frequently terms;
- An Interdisciplinary Introduction to Image Processing: Pixels, Numbers, and Programs.
- Do Less Better: The Power of Strategic Sacrifice in a Complex World.
- Maxwells Demon: Entropy, Information, Computing.
- Time and Eternity in Mid-Thirteenth-Century Thought.
Capitalize first word of title; all others, except proper nouns, are lowercase; spell out names of genera and abbreviations on first mention; place period at end. Include study organism species or group and geographic location in each caption when appropriate. Place footnotes after the Notes. Every column must have an appropriately placed heading, with appropriate subheadings. In the body of the table, capitalize the first word of each entry and proper nouns ; do not use vertical lines between columns; indicate footnotes by lowercase superscript letters. Appendices —include in manuscript file and place immediately after the tables.
If voucher and gene accession information support the study, list these in Appendix 1, which will appear just after the Literature Cited section. Provide an appendix title and a sentence-style row of headings for the data.